2013 Volume 7 Issue 3 Pages 66-72
The objective of this research was to evaluate the applicability of the Asian Precipitation Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration Towards Evaluation of Water Resources (APHRODITE) gridded dataset to develop a spatially distributed extreme daily rainfall map in Southeast Asia. We compared the extreme daily rainfall values of the 5-year return period, estimated by a frequency analysis based on annual maximum rainfall during 1987–2006 from the APHRODITE dataset and rainfall observations from 185 gauges in Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam. It was found that the extreme rainfall values estimated from the APHRODITE dataset are approximately 33–38% less than those estimated from observations at rain gauge stations. When the APHRODITE data were corrected with an appropriate bias correction ratio and elevation factor and then used to estimate extreme daily rainfall, they showed a better match with the extreme daily rainfall estimations from the rain gauge observations. Moreover, our estimations were independently verified with the rainfall observations in the Mae Chaem Watershed (MCW) in Thailand. This study suggests that the APHRODITE dataset can be used to obtain an estimation of the extreme rainfall in the Mekong River countries after proper bias and orographic corrections are made.