Hypertension Research
Online ISSN : 1348-4214
Print ISSN : 0916-9636
ISSN-L : 0916-9636
Clinical studies
Determination of Optimal Blood Pressure for Patients with IgA Nephropathy Based on Renal Histology
Yutaka OSAWAIchiei NARITANaofumi IMAINoriaki IINOSeitaro IGUCHIMitsuhiro UENOHisaki SHIMADAShinichi NISHIMasaaki ARAKAWAFumitake GEJYO
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2001 Volume 24 Issue 2 Pages 89-92

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Abstract

To evaluate the optimal BP control for patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) based on the histologic severity of the nephropathy and the degree of renal dysfunction. We analyzed 332 consecutive renal biopsy specimens and clinical data from patients with IgAN. Patients were divided into three groups based on their BP at the time of biopsy: an optimal BP (SBP<120 mmHg and DBP<80 mmHg), a hypertensive BP (SBP≥140 mmHg and/or DBP≥90 mmHg), and an intermediate BP group. Each biopsy specimen was evaluated for mesangial proliferation, degree of sclerosis and/or hyalinosis of the arterioles and the interlobular artery using a semiquantitative method. Creatinine clearance and the percentage of sclerosed glomeruli were also determined. Both the degree of renal dysfunction and the histologic changes correlated significantly with BP, even in patients with a BP<140/90 mmHg. The patients with an optimal BP at the time of biopsy had significantly less histologic damage with respect to mesangial proliferation and vessel changes than those with an intermediate or hypertensive BP. In the patients with a hypertensive BP, the percentage of sclerotic glomeruli was significantly higher and the creatinine clearance was significantly lower. The optimal BP proposed by the WHO in 1999 prevents histologic evidence of renal damage for patients with IgAN. (Hypertens Res 2001; 24: 89-92)

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© 2001 by the Japanese Society of Hypertension
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