2001 Volume 24 Issue 5 Pages 489-492
The aim of the present study is to investigate the pathophysiological characteristics of a number of recent cases of malignant hypertension (MHT) and to compare them to the characteristics of earlier cases. Patients with MHT (age 25-76, mean 44±2 years) who were admitted to our hospital from 1984-1999 were retrospectively studied. All of the patients had either grade III or IV retinopathy and diastolic blood pressure levels higher than 120 mmHg. The observations in this study were compared to previously reported findings regarding 59 MHT patients who were admitted from 1971-1983. Of the 37 recent MHT patients, 20 had essential hypertension (EHT) as the underlying disease, 13 had chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN), and the remaining 4 presented with other diseases including pyelonephritis and renovascular hypertension. A positive family history of hypertension was more prevalent in the EHT patients than in other patients, and persistent proteinuria, microhematuria, and anemia were more prevalent in the CGN patients. These characteristics were similar between the recent and previous cases. Within 4 weeks after admission, hemodialysis was initiated in 3 of the 13 patients (23%) with CGN and 2 of the 20 (10%) patients with EHT. The prevalence of renal death at 1 year after admission was 30%, which was lower than the prevalence in the previous cases (42%). Grade IV retinopathy was seen in 45% of the patients admitted from 1984-1999, significantly less than in the patients admitted from 1971-1983 (66%, p<0.05). In addition, left ventricular hypertrophy was less frequently observed on electrocardiogram in the recent cases (67%) than in the previous cases (88%, p<0.05). Our results suggest that the recent cases of MHT demonstrate less severe organ damage.
(Hypertens Res 2001; 24: 489-492)