To study the biosyntheses and pathophysiological roles of adrenomedullin (AM) and proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) in septic shock, we compared the time course of plasma concentrations of these peptides and blood pressure in rats injected with either 0.9% saline (control group) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS group). The plasma AM concentration in the LPS group did not increase 30 and 60 min after LPS injection, at which time points the blood pressure remained low. Thereafter, AM rapidly increased, and it amounted to 35 times the basal value 4 h after injection, when the blood pressure returned to the basal level. The increment of plasma PAMP in the LPS group was lower than that of AM. We also examined the tissue concentration of AM and PAMP—as well as the tissue expression of proadrenomedullin (proAM) mRNA—in the LPS and control groups. LPS significantly increased the tissue concentrations of AM and PAMP in the lung, but decreased them in the adrenal gland and cardiac atrium. The LPS injection augmented proAM gene transcription in the lung, adrenal gland and aorta. In an immunohistochemical examination, AM staining was intense in alveolar endothelial cells of the lung in the LPS group. Thus, this septic shock model had high plasma levels of PAMP as well as AM, while the biosynthesis and secretion of the two peptides may have been differentially regulated in various tissues of rats injected with LPS. The present results suggest that these two bioactive peptides may play different roles in the pathophysiology of septic shock.
(Hypertens Res 2001; 24: 543-549)
2001 by the Japanese Society of Hypertension