Hypertension Research
Online ISSN : 1348-4214
Print ISSN : 0916-9636
ISSN-L : 0916-9636
Case Report
Two Cases of Renovascular Hypertension and Ischemic Renal Dysfunction: Reliable Choice of Examinations and Treatments
Katsuyuki ANDOKatsutoshi TAKAHASHIShigeru SHIBATAHiromitsu MATSUIMegumi FUJITAYugo SHIBAGAKITatsuo SHIMOSAWAMasashi ISSHIKIToshiro FUJITA
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2004 Volume 27 Issue 12 Pages 985-992

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Abstract

We experienced two aged patients with atherosclerotic renovascular stenosis associated with hypertension and ischemic nephropathy. Both patients exhibited sudden rise in blood pressure (BP) and progressive aggravation of renal dysfunction. In these patients, the use of contrast medium to screen for renal artery stenosis (RAS) ran the risk of further deterioration of renal function. We therefore used magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), which is less conducive to renal damage, to screen for RAS. One-sided RAS was treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the renal artery (PTRA) and stenting. As a result, BP decreased in both patients. Serum creatinine (Cr) decreased slightly in one patient, whereas, in the other, serum Cr increased transiently and then decreased and stabilized to pre-treatment levels. Thus, although it is unclear whether the combination of PTRA and stenting is among the best treatments for patients with RAS and moderate-to-severe renal dysfunction, PTRA and stenting are clearly of benefit in selected patients. In addition, recent progress in characterizing the pathophysiology of ischemic nephropathy associated with renovascular hypertension has created interest in the therapeutic potential of angiotensin II receptor antagonists, sympatholytic agents, and antioxidants. Therefore, we discuss the therapeutic utility of PTRA and stenting and the above-mentioned medications in patients with RAS and renal dysfunction. (Hypertens Res 2004; 27: 985-992)

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© 2004 by the Japanese Society of Hypertension
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