Hypertension Research
Online ISSN : 1348-4214
Print ISSN : 0916-9636
ISSN-L : 0916-9636
Radical Scavenging Properties of Indapamide and Renal Protection in Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rats
Yoshio UeharaYukari KawabataHiroaki ShirahaseKatsuo WadaYukiko HashizumeShigeyoshi MorishitaAtsushi NumabeJunichi IwaiHiroaki MatsuokaTsuneaki Sugimoto
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1992 Volume 15 Issue 1 Pages 17-26

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Abstract

We have found that indapamide has free radical scavenging properties and stimulates prostacyclin generation in vascular smooth muscle cells. In this study, we investigated whether indapamide exhibits radical scavenging effects in vivo and whether these properties are related to renal protection in Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats. Indapamide (4mg/kg body weight per day for 5 weeks) ameliorated the development of hypertension in Dahl S rats fed a high salt (6% NaCl) diet. The blood pressure reduction was associated with a decrease in proteinuria, a decrease in urinary n-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase excretion, and an increase in glomerular filtration rate. Moreover, morphological investigation revealed improvement in glomerulosclerosis, renal tubular damage and intrarenal arterial injuries, seen in the salt-induced hypertension. These beneficial properties were accompanied by a significant decrease in the capacity for lipid peroxide formation in the renal homogenates. In contrast, trichloromethiazide, which reduced the blood pressure to the same extent as indapamide, did not lower lipid peroxide formation in the kidney or exert protective effects on the renal glomeruli or arteries. Thus, the evidence suggests that the diuretic indapamide exhibits radical scavenging effects on the kidney which may contribute to attenuating the renal injuries seen in salt-induced hypertension in Dahl S rats. (Hypertens Res 1992; 15: 17-26)

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