IEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems
Online ISSN : 1348-8155
Print ISSN : 0385-4221
ISSN-L : 0385-4221
<Softcomputing, Learning>
Text Classification Using the Sum of Frequency Ratios of Word andN-gram Over Categories
Makoto SuzukiShigeichi Hirasawa
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2009 Volume 129 Issue 1 Pages 118-124

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Abstract

In this paper, we consider the automatic text classification as a series of information processing, and propose a new classification technique, namely, “Frequency Ratio Accumulation Method (FRAM)”. This is a simple technique that calculates the sum of ratios of term frequency in each category. However, it has a desirable property that feature terms can be used without their extraction procedure. Then, we use “character N-gram” and “word N-gram” as feature terms by using this property of our classification technique. Next, we evaluate our technique by some experiments. In our experiments, we classify the newspaper articles of Japanese “CD-Mainichi 2002” and English “Reuters-21578” using the Naive Bayes (baseline method) and the proposed method. As the result, we show that the classification accuracy of the proposed method improves greatly compared with the baseline. That is, it is 89.6% for Mainichi, 87.8% for Reuters. Thus, the proposed method has a very high performance. Though the proposed method is a simple technique, it has a new viewpoint, a high potential and is language-independent, so it can be expected the development in the future.

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© 2009 by the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan
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