International Journal of Environmental and Rural Development
Online ISSN : 2433-3700
Print ISSN : 2185-159X
ISSN-L : 2185-159X
Improvements in Agricultural Education at Secondary Schools in Nepal: A Case Study in Mustang District
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2020 Volume 11 Issue 2 Pages 53-61


The Nepal government introduced Technical Vocational Education to secondary schools nationwide in 2014 as part of its School Sector Reform Plan (running from 2009 through to 2015). The purpose of agricultural education in secondary schools is to develop a workforce to support the nation’s agricultural development and alleviate poverty. This case study analyzes the current status of and issues with agricultural education at a secondary school in epal’s Mustang District. First, the curriculum and syllabi of the Plant Science Stream program were reviewed. Second, the school’s teaching activities were analyzed and compared with the teaching methods in use at a Japanese agricultural high school in the Nagano Prefecture. The head of the school and a teacher of agriculture conducted observations and interviews regarding the Japanese high school’s teaching practices in September 2017. After observing the Japanese high school, focus group discussions were conducted with five other agriculture teachers at the targeted school in Nepal. The discussions found that the content of the lectures did not adequately explain local farming practices. It was determined that the study program should conduct cultivation trials of local products in the school farm. Students could interview local farmers and observe their crop production, agro-processing, livestock rearing, and natural resource managements. Students could practice farming to use the products for their own consumption or sales at school and local markets. These activities can strengthen students’ understanding of agricultural information and techniques. The suggested activities would also allow the teachers to learn what information to include in the lectures and practices to support students’ knowledge of farming practices relevant to the local area.

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© 2020 Institute of Environmental Rehabilitation and Conservation Research Center
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