2018 Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages 224-233
In order to investigate the formation of the rotating stall in diffuser of pump-turbine in pump mode, the unsteady flow with radial rotating characteristics before the occurrence of rotating stall are investigated by detached eddy simulation. The results indicate that the unsteady flow patterns which occur in the return channel both at full and part load conditions contain two periodical disturbances with frequencies St≈0.042 and St≈0.085, and the Strouhal number St is frequency normalized by blade passing frequency of impeller. These periodical disturbances not only influence the pressure field but also cause rotating characteristics in diffuser channels. One is composed of 4 cells propagating at 0.073 times of impeller rotating speed. The other one is made up of 3 rotating cells with 0.2 times of backward impeller rotating speed. Meanwhile, there are two radial rotating characteristics which contribute the spectra peak at blade pass frequency in diffuser. One is at the inlet of diffuser propagating at impeller rotating speed with 7 cells, and the other one contains 4 cells with about 1.75 backward impeller rotating speed.
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