An 8-year-old boy suffered from an unconsciousness attack and torsade de pointes arrhythmia during sleep or at rest. His electrocardiogram showed prolonged QT intervals, but the T wave morphology was atypical for type 1, 2 or 3 congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS). Intravenous epinephrine slightly prolonged the QT interval whereas mexiletine infusion shortened the QT interval. Although these clinical characteristics might suggest type 3 LQTS, a genetic analysis identified the G604S-KCNH2 mutation (type 2 LQTS). Because mismatches between the genotype and phenotype of LQTS are possible, genetic analysis of LQTS is important to identify the most appropriate therapeutic option and risk stratification.
2012 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine