IPSJ Transactions on Computer Vision and Applications
Online ISSN : 1882-6695
ISSN-L : 1882-6695
Object Detection Using Background Subtraction and Foreground Motion Estimation
Tadaaki HosakaTakumi KobayashiNobuyuki Otsu
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2011 Volume 3 Pages 9-20


A method for detecting moving objects using a Markov random field (MRF) model is proposed, based on background subtraction. We aim at overcoming two major drawbacks of existing methods: dynamic background changes such as swinging trees and camera shaking tend to yield false positives, and the existence of similar colors in objects and their backgrounds tends to yield false negatives. One characteristic of our method is the background subtraction using the nearest neighbor method with multiple background images to cope with dynamic backgrounds. Another characteristic is the estimation of object movement, which provides robustness for similar colors in objects and background regions. From the viewpoint of the MRF, we define the energy function by considering these characteristics and optimize the function by graph cut. In most cases of our experiments, the proposed method can be implemented in (nearly) real time, and experimental results show favorable detection performance even in difficult cases in which methods of previous studies have failed.

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© 2011 by the Information Processing Society of Japan
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