2022 Volume 11 Issue 2 Pages 90-92
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is also called sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, and it is caused by a histiocytic disorder with unclear etiology. It usually involves cervical lymph nodes, but it may also present with extranodal involvement. We report a rare condition of isolated hepatic RDD without nodal involvement, clinically manifested with three-month abdominal pain and tenderness of the right hypochondrium. CT- and PET-CT scans were compatible with a secondary lesion from an unknown primary tumor. Therefore, the patient underwent an atypical liver resection. Immunohistochemistry and histological results were compatible with a diagnosis of RDD. RDD is characterized by phenomena of emperipolesis, histiocytic proliferation and positive immunostaining for CD14, CD68 and S-100 protein. Cases of isolated gastrointestinal localization of RDD are particularly rare, especially in the liver. Instrumental exams might confuse RDD with other malignancies. RDD is a rare entity, which might be misdiagnosed using PET-CT due to its similarities with malignant tumors. An accurate multidisciplinary approach may help to clear diagnostic clues of this uncommon disease.