Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Online ISSN : 2186-361X
Print ISSN : 2186-3644
ISSN-L : 2186-3644
Lysine succinylation analysis reveals the effect of Sirt5 on synovial fibroblasts in rheumatoid arthritis patients
Huimin ShiYaqun ZhangJiaxuan YinWei XinCaixia ZhongJihong Pan
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 2023.01114

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Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease with complex etiology, and its pathological mechanism remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the effect of protein succinylation on RA by silencing Sirt5, sequencing succinylated proteins, and analyzing the sequencing results to identify potential biomarkers. We wanted to gain a clearer understanding of RA pathogenesis, quantitative assessment of succinylated proteins in Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA patients using liquid chromatography- tandem mass spectrometry and enrichment analysis investigated using Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). A total of 679 proteins and 2,471 lysine succinylation sites were found in RA patients, and 436 differentially expressed proteins and 1,548 differentially expressed succinylation sites were identified. Among them, 48 succinylation sites were upregulated in 38 proteins and 144 succinylation sites were downregulated in 82 proteins. Bioinformatics showed that succinylated proteins were significantly enriched in amino and fatty acid metabolisms. Results indicated that Sirt5 can affect various biological processes involved in RA FLSs, and succinylation caused by silencing Sirt5 plays a major role in RA progression. This study provides further understanding of RA pathogenesis and may facilitate searching for potential RA biomarkers.

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