Transactions of the Institute of Systems, Control and Information Engineers
Online ISSN : 2185-811X
Print ISSN : 1342-5668
ISSN-L : 1342-5668
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Indoor Human Monitoring System by Thermopile Array Sensors
Masato KukiHiroshi NakajimaNaoki TsuchiyaJunichi TanakaYutaka Hata
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2014 Volume 27 Issue 4 Pages 149-159

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Abstract

This paper proposes human movement trajectory (HMT) extraction system and a state of people estimation system by thermopile array sensors. In our systems, sensors are attached at the ceiling and acquire thermal distribution, which are two-dimensional temperatures. The system distinguishes humans, object and others by fuzzy inference based on human characteristics, such as body temperature and movement. Each human is classied by the connected-component labeling. In the HMT extraction system, it extracts HMT as label centroids trajectory. In the state of people estimation system, it distinguishes adjoining people based on shape of human distribution in label image and estimates the number of human as the number of labels. In the HMT extraction experiment, we employed an adult and he performed 15 movements. As the results, the system successfully extracted HMTs with 78[%] accuracy and positional error was 21.5[cm]. In the state estimation experiment, we employed 4 adults and they performed 4 movements. As the results, the system successfully estimated the number of humans with 52[%] accuracy.

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© 2014 The Institute of Systems, Control and Information Engineers
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