2016 Volume 29 Issue 6 Pages 258-265
In critically ill patients suffering from hyperglycemia it has been recently shown that mortality and morbidity can be reduced by keeping glycemia within 80-110 mg/dL (4.4-6.1 mmol/L). However, maintaining blood glucose (BG) levels within such range is difficult because of the time variability in insulin sensitivity through the patient recovery. In this study, we introduce a nonlinear model predictive control algorithm using a time-invariant model of glucose-insulin metabolism for the eventual development of a control system that regulates BG levels of critically ill patients. Simulation results using virtual patients with time-varying insulin sensitivity show that BG levels can be kept 58.3% within the 80-110 mg/dL range with only 1.4% of BG levels decreasing below 80 mg/dL (4.4 mmol/L), which demonstrates the safety of the present control algorithm.