2005 Volume 45 Issue 3 Pages 303-311
The advances in Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) dust treatment have been slowed down by high treatment costs and the large amount of residue to be processed and disposed. A process of direct separation and recovery of iron and zinc is now under development, which adds environmental and economical perspectives to the EAF dust treatment process. In this process, a coke bed filter can be directly connected to an EAF, collecting metallic iron and slag components, whereas the gas containing zinc and lead vapors flows to a zinc condenser. It results in zero amount of dust liberated to the environment. A two dimensional, axisymmetric and steady state mathematical model describing a coke fixed-bed filter is developed. The model solves coupled equations for gas-powder flow and is specifically applied in the investigation of over-micron and nano-scale powders (similar to EAF dust particle size) collection behavior. The theoretical model results are compared with the cold model experimental results, in which both injection of glass (over-micron) and silica (nano-scale) powders are considered. Microscopic observations and analysis are performed in order to describe better the injected powder behavior through the filter. EAF dust samples morphology is characterized as agglomerates of small particles. Its particle size distribution is obtained by the combination of leaching treatment and image analysis. Calculated results show that the powders particle size distribution has a direct effect in the static hold up. The model has been validated by its enough agreement for static hold up and pressure drop with experimental data from cold model experiments.