2005 Volume 45 Issue 3 Pages 331-337
A three-dimensional mathematical model has been developed to predict the growth and removal of inclusions during gas stirring in a multi-tuyere ladle. In the model, the efficiency of inclusions removal have been investigated under three different collision mechanisms of Brownian collision, turbulent collision and Stokes collision. Importance of the three approaches of wall adhesion, Stokes flotation and bubbles adhesion to remove inclusions has been analyzed. The results indicated that inclusions growth resulting from turbulent collision is most important and that effect of Stokes collision is remarkable as size of inclusions and difference in size of two particles increase, while inclusion growth resulting from Brown collision is negligible. Removal by Stokes flotation is main manner for large inclusions, while inclusion removal by wall adhesion is negligible. The smaller bubbles contribute the higher efficiency of inclusion removal.