ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
A Review of Slag Splashing
Kenneth C. MILLSYuchu SUAlistair B. FOXZushu LIRichard P. THACKRAYH. T. TSAI
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2005 Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 619-633


This review critically evaluates the factors affecting the process of slag splashing. Two mechanisms are involved in slag splashing, namely ‘slag wash coating’ and ‘slag ejection coating’. Our knowledge of slag splashing is largely based on physical modelling studies. It is necessary to optimise the following for good slag splashing:
(ii) The characteristics of the nitrogen blow (Gas flow, Lance height, Lance angle, Slag depth); and
(iii) Slag composition.
It is important that the slag contains the right blend of low-melting and high-melting phases. The low-melting (FeO-rich) phases ensure good adhesion between the slag and refractory whereas the high-melting phases provide erosion resistance and a thermal barrier. Good slag properties are obtained with a FeO content of ca. 13% and MgO should be supersaturated (>8% MgO) to ensure that the slag is MgO-saturated rather than CaO-saturated so that high-melting MgO · Fe2O3 is formed rather than the low-melting calcium ferrites.
The factors affecting the uniformity of the slag-splashed layer are discussed.

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© 2005 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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