2008 Volume 48 Issue 12 Pages 1722-1727
In this paper, a real-time mathematical heat transfer model for billet continuous casting of low carbon steel has been presented and solved by finite volume method. This model can be used to simulate the casting conditions which vary frequently. As taking the variation of superheat of liquid steel into consideration in the water flow rate distribution, the fluctuation of billet surface temperature has been decreased. Meanwhile the fluctuation of measured temperature has been largely reduced when it is measured with thermal imager. The mathematical model has been validated by measuring shell thickness and surface temperature in industrial caster. The on-line model can monitor surface temperature and shell thickness along the caster machine in the casting process, and it has been applied on the dynamic control system to adjust the operation parameters. The billet defect has been decreased greatly and the quality of billet has been obviously improved.