2008 Volume 48 Issue 4 Pages 420-429
Increasing the Al2O3 content in the blast furnace slag, the blast furnace operations tend to make troubles such as excess accumulation of molten slag in the blast furnace hearth and increasing pressure drop at the lower part of the blast furnace. So, it will be important to keep good slag fluidity at the blast furnace operations such as, drainage of tapping and keeping good permeability.
In order to clarify the effect of high Al2O3 slag fluidity on the blast furnace, high Al2O3 slag (20%) test operations of experimental blast furnace have been carried out. Investigation results of the test operation are as follows;
1) Slag MgO improves the hearth drainage rate at high Al2O3 slag operation.
2) Permeability of the dripping zone is improved by decreasing slag CaO/SiO2, at high Al2O3 slag operation of the blast furnace.
3) It was verified that the slag drainage phenomena were able to described by the fluid model.
4) The optimum composition of high Al2O3 slag of the blast furnace is high MgO and low CaO/SiO2.