2008 Volume 48 Issue 9 Pages 1165-1174
Basicity and the amount of FetO were investigated for their effects on the crystallization behavior of the simulated dephosphorizing slags. Twelve kinds of slags were prepared (C/S=1.0–2.5, FetO=10–20%, P2O5=5%). In the present experiment, the Hot Thermocouple Technique was used to melt and quench the samples. After quenching, the microstructure of the slag and the distributions of elements were examined by SEM and EDS analysis.
The diameter of the crystal which precipitated in the sample increased with increasing basicity (C/S) and decreasing FetO content. In addition, glassy regions were observed in the two samples whose FetO content was 20% and whose basicity was 1.0 or 1.5. The samples (10% FetO, 5% P2O5), whose basicity was 1.0 (sample-1) precipitated as a monocalcium silicate (CaO·SiO2); the sample (10% FetO, 5% P2O5) whose basicity was 1.5 (sample-4) precipitated as a dicalcium silicate (2CaO·SiO2). In higher FetO (15–20%) slags, the crystals of the solid solution between 3CaO·P2O5 and 2CaO·SiO2 ((C3P–C2S)ss) were observed. When the amount of CaO increased from C/S=1.5 to C/S=2.5, 2CaO·SiO2 appeared with phosphorous content, but phosphorous was not found in CaO·SiO2.