2010 Volume 50 Issue 8 Pages 1099-1106
Rapid iron melting initiation and molten slag separation which take place in carbon composite iron ores are quite interesting phenomena, but their mechanisms have not been established yet. Since the size of carbonaceous material and iron ore particles is tiny in carbon composite iron ores, molten slag can dynamically play a critical role in the iron melting initiation and the slag separation. The behavior of the molten slag was clarified by direct observation of phenomena occurring in a simplified carbon composite agglomerate sample (iron disk–slag particle–graphite or coke particle) via a confocal laser scanning microscope combined with an image furnace. It was found that the molten slag wetting induced the iron melting initiation by attracting graphite or coke to iron and the molten slag separation took place with iron melting propagation. However, the high content of coke ash could suppress the iron melting initiation. In addition, the mechanism of molten slag separation from Fe–C melt was verified by phase field modeling.