2013 Volume 53 Issue 10 Pages 1715-1724
We have proposed a novel process for recycling Mn wasted in steelmaking slag via sulfurization to separate P from Mn. For clarifying the efficient recovery of Mn from steelmaking slag, the influences of slag basicity and temperature on the distributions of Mn and Fe between the Fe–Mn–Ca–O–S matte and FeO–MnO–MgO–P2O5–SiO2–CaO slag were investigated. The distributions of Fe and Mn between the matte and the slag increased with an increase in the slag basicity. Moreover, when log PS2 (PS2: partial pressure of S) was more than −2, the Mn distribution increased to be more than 10 as the slag basicity increased beyond 1.7. Even though the effects of slag basicity and PS2 on the Mn content in the matte were small, the behavior of Mn in the matte was dependent on temperature. In order to understand the behavior of Mn and Fe in steelmaking slag and matte, the relationship between the activity coefficient ratio of MnS and FeS (γMnS/γFeS) and the mole fraction ratio of MnS and FeS for the matte was investigated. To evaluate γMnS/γFeS for the matte, the activity coefficient ratio of MnO and FeO (γMnO/γFeO) was estimated using an empirical formula and the RS model, and the mole fractions of MnS and FeS in the matte were calculated on the basis of mass balance. The results revealed that the values of γMnS/γFeS for the Fe–Mn–S–O matte were about twice those for the Fe–Mn–Ca–S–O matte. Moreover, γMnS/γFeS for the Fe–Mn–Ca–S–O matte decreased with an increase in temperature.