2013 Volume 53 Issue 10 Pages 1871-1880
In the present work, the effects of intercritical annealing parameters on the microstructure and cold rollability (deformation rate and ratio) of “3rd Generation Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS)” were studied. Hence, this paper discusses the formation of microstructures with different volume fractions of ferrite, martensite, bainite and retained austenite (RA). Two novel microstructures have been created, based on two levels of manganese (Mn): (i) ferrite plus martensite nucleated in austenite microstructure (FMNA structures), using Mn levels of 5 to 7 wt% and (ii) ferrite plus retained austenite duplex structure (FADP steels) for a Mn level of 10 wt%. In general, the ductility is a function of the amount of retained austenite and the strength is highly dependent on the martensite level.