2013 Volume 53 Issue 11 Pages 1968-1973
The probable maximum sizes (PMS) of inclusions in AISI304 stainless steels were predicted by two methods of the statistics of extreme values (SEV) and the particle size distributions (PSD). Firstly, the PMS of inclusions in the molten steel taken from a tundish agreed well with those in the slab sample. The particle size distributions (PSD) of inclusions almost obeyed exponential functions. The results of comparison between the two methods showed that the PMS by the SEV analysis agreed with that by the PSD approximation in the case of the steel with the higher oxygen content. However, in the case of the steel with the lower oxygen content, the PMS by the PSD approximation overestimated the predicted size with the reference to the SEV analysis. In this case, the approximations with elimination of some largest inclusions which were deviated from an exponential distribution were found to be effective to predict the probable largest size in a reference area. This above result suggests that it is necessary to decide if some largest inclusions are employed for adequate predictions. It is considered that necessity of this operation increases with decreasing oxygen content.