2013 Volume 53 Issue 9 Pages 1625-1632
In order to reduce CO2 emissions at an ironmaking process, it is an effective measure to decrease a bonding agent rate at an iron ore sinter plant. In this study, effect of using a pre-reduced iron ore as a part of a sinter raw material on a sintering process was investigated mainly from a viewpoint of decreasing a bonding agent rate.
Two brands of pisolitic iron ores were reduced up to wustite at 1173 K with reducing gas of which an oxidation degree was 55%. The pre-reduced iron ore was stable against reoxidation in the atmosphere and through a cyclic wet and dry treatment.
Two brands of pisolitic iron ores and a Marra Mamba iron ore were pre-reduced and then used in a sinter pot test. A use of the pre-reduced iron ore was effective in decreasing a bonding agent rate at a given productivity. The reoxidation heat of the pre-reduced iron ore was estimated to be less than the combustion heat of the bonding agent being saved by use of the pre-reduced iron ore. The reoxidation heat is more effective in the sintering process than the combustion heat. The decrease of the bonding agent resulted in reduction of NOx emissions.
A mass and heat balance shows that a use of a pre-reduced iron ore as a sinter raw material enables reduction of CO2 emissions not only at an ironmaking process but also at a whole integrated steel works.