2014 Volume 54 Issue 4 Pages 932-937
Microstructure evolution and impact toughness of simulated coarse grained heat affected zone (CGHAZ) in Zr bearing low carbon steel have been investigated in this study. Thermal simulator was used to simulate microstructure evolution of CGHAZ with high heat input welding thermal cycle at 1400°C peak temperature. Microstructure of CGHAZ consisted of high volume fraction of AF inside grain and GBF at prior austenite grain boundaries. Prior austenite grain size of CGHAZ increases with heat input increasing. Excellent impact toughness (more than 100 J) of CGHAZ with heat input of 1000 kJ/cm was obtained in this experiment. Impact toughness of CGHAZ with 400 kJ/cm (230 J) is the highest, because austenite grain size of CGHAZ with 400 kJ/cm favors the development of AF inside grain. Impact toughness is not only related with high angle boundaries but also with effective grain size. High supercooling of CGHAZ provided driving force for the AF transformation during welding thermal cycle, increasing the number of AF.