ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Regular Article
Measurement and Characterization of the Apparent Viscosity of Fe–C Melts during Solidification
Yan-Ling ZhangQi LiZhuo-Qing AnZhan-Cheng Guo
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2015 Volume 55 Issue 12 Pages 2525-2534

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Abstract

The rheology of Fe–C melts during solidification can give important insight into the process operations and product quality of the resulting alloys. Here, we investigated the apparent viscosity of Fe–C melts during solidification. The testing spindle of the traditional rotation method for measuring the viscosity of liquids was improved so that it could be used to measure the apparent viscosity of Fe–C melts during solidification. Further, the apparent viscosity of Al2O3 particles in methyl silicon oil, a representative liquid-solid slurry system, was measured. The effects of the particle fraction, particle shape and particle size on the apparent viscosity of the slurry were examined and the viability of a viscosity prediction model was tested. Finally, the apparent viscosity of Fe–C melts during solidification was measured. Our results showed that the apparent viscosity of Fe–C melts during solidification increased with increasing cooling rate and decreasing shear rate. The effect of precipitated particle structures on the apparent viscosity of Fe–C melts during solidification was similar to the effect that Al2O3 particles had on the methyl silicon oil–Al2O3 particle system. The viscosity model to predict the apparent viscosity of Fe–C melts under different solidification conditions was proposed.

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© 2015 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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