2018 Volume 58 Issue 11 Pages 2133-2141
In this paper, explicit local buckling analysis of steel plates in composite structures under combine bending and compression and with elastic restraint against rotation is presented. Unique displacement function, which combines sinusoidal and cosine functions along x- and y-directions and satisfies boundary and loading conditions, is proposed to account for the effect of restraint of concrete and the elastic rotational restraint stiffness along both the loaded and unloaded edges of the steel plates. The explicit local buckling solution for the elastically restrained steel plates in composite structures is simplified to several special cases (e.g., the CS, CC, SS and KS steel plates) subjected to combined bending and compression. To verify the accuracy of the explicit solutions, experimental data, available solutions in the literature, and finite element results are compared, and reasonable agreement has been observed, particularly for the simplified cases. Parametric study is further conducted, and the effects of different parameters such as the aspect ratio and the loading stress gradient parameter on the local buckling stress resultants of steel plates with different boundary conditions are discussed.