ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Morphology and Composition of Inclusions in Si–Mn Deoxidized Steel at the Solid-Liquid Equilibrium Temperature
Jonah GamutanTakahiro MikiTetsuya Nagasaka
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2020 Volume 60 Issue 1 Pages 84-91


Morphology and composition of inclusions change with temperature. However, besides the temperature conditions during steelmaking or continuous casting, other factors contributing to changes in the morphology and composition of inclusions during solidification are still unknown. In this study, the formation of complex inclusions in Si–Mn deoxidized steel after isothermal holding at the solid-liquid equilibrium temperature (TS) was investigated.

The typical inclusions found in the alloy were MnO–SiO2 based, spherically shaped and homogeneously distributed. With isothermal holding at the solid-liquid equilibrium temperature, formation of a secondary SiO2-rich inclusion phase occurred. The changes in the composition of the inclusions depended on the manganese and silicon contents in the metal.

The general mechanism of inclusion formation observed in this study can be divided into three steps: 1) the formation of primary MnO–SiO2 inclusions above the liquidus temperature when the steel is in a completely molten state as a result of the deoxidation process; 2) the nucleation of secondary inclusions as the molten steel becomes supersaturated with the solute elements while holding at the solid-liquid equilibrium temperature; and 3) the growth and coalescence of inclusions due to natural convection in the molten alloy. From this, the inclusions formed in Si–Mn deoxidized alloys held isothermally at the solid-liquid equilibrium temperature were of three types: primary MnO–SiO2 inclusions, secondary SiO2 inclusions and complex inclusions with both primary MnO–SiO2 inclusions and precipitated secondary SiO2 inclusions.

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© 2020 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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