2020 Volume 60 Issue 5 Pages 856-864
Blast parameters are easy to be changed and are often applied to control the gas distribution in blast furnace. However, the effects of blast parameters on the gas and solid distribution characteristics were seldom investigated. Therefore, a 3D model considering gas and solid fluid phases is developed and used to analyze effects of blast parameters on the gas and solid distributions in the blast furnace B of Baiyi Steel. The results show that the gas temperature increases a little in the lower part while decreases in the middle and top parts of blast furnace when the oxygen enrichment ratio and blast temperature increase. The CO utilization ratio increases with the increase of oxygen enrichment ratio, humidified blast amount and blast temperature, and it increases most for the case of blast temperature. The metallization ratio at the bottom of the blast furnace increases with the increase of oxygen enrichment ratio and humidified blast amount while it decreases with the increase of gas temperature.