ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Special Issue on "Toward Suppression of Hydrogen Absorption and Hydrogen Embrittlement for Steels"
Volumetric Strain Dependence of Quantum Diffusion of Hydrogen in bcc Iron
Shuki NagaseRyosuke Matsumoto
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2021 Volume 61 Issue 4 Pages 1294-1299


To predict hydrogen embrittlement in steels and clarify its mechanism, it is necessary to understand the time variation of hydrogen distribution. Since the quantum mechanical effect is remarkably observed in hydrogen diffusion, even at room temperature, there is a need to take into account it for analyses. In this study, we evaluated the diffusion coefficients of hydrogen in body-centered cubic (bcc) iron via density functional theory and small-polaron theory calculations. The analyses were carried out under various magnitudes of volumetric strains to investigate its effect on the diffusion coefficient. The temperature dependence of the diffusion coefficient was found to change at about 400 K. This is attributed to the fact that the tunneling between ground states dominantly contributes to the diffusion at lower temperatures, whereas at high temperatures, that between low excited states contributes dominantly. The diffusion coefficient was also found to increase with compressive volumetric strain and decrease with tensile volumetric strain. The volumetric strain dependence of the diffusion coefficient was clarified by the volumetric strain dependence of the tunneling matrix elements and that of the activation enthalpy.

Diffusion coefficients of hydrogen in bcc iron under volumetric strain. (Online version in color.) Fullsize Image
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© 2021 The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan.

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