ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Regular Article
Quantification of Changes in Lattice Defect Density in BCC Iron during Plastic Deformation Using Electrical Resistivity Measurements
Soichiro TakenakaRyohei TakahashiKazuhiro IshikawaYoji Miyajima
Author information

2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages 868-873


Change in lattice defects density in bcc pure iron due to tensile deformation was quantified by using both electrical resistivity measurements and X-ray diffraction (XRD). As bcc pure irons, ultra-low carbon steel (ULCS) and interstitial free (IF) steel are used as the model specimen. Dislocation density evaluated using Williamson Hall method with XRD shows the saturation with the value of around 3.7×1015 m−2 for ULCS and around 1.4×1015 m−2 for IF steel after plastic strain after ~5%. Increase in electrical resistivity was observed with increasing plastic strain. Consequently, increase in vacancy concentration occurs with increasing plastic strain of around 0.3, such as, 2.6×10−5 for ULCS and 3.4×10−5 for IF steel. Additionally, the migration of carbon atoms from grain interior to grain boundary via dislocation might occur at the initial stage of plastic deformation in ULCS.

Fullsize Image
Content from these authors
© 2024 The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license.
Previous article Next article