Article ID: ISIJINT-2023-008
In response to the frequent problem of inconsistent quality of billet castings and their rolled products from each strand by a five-strand tundish, the flow field in tundish is optimized by presenting new flow control devices and conducting isothermal physical modelling along with numerical simulation. The results show that the dead volume fraction of the optimized case A6 is reduced from 27.74% to 19%, the stagnation time is prolonged from 12 s to 35 s, and the flow dynamic consistency for each strand is improved as well. In the subsequent industry production tests, the temperature difference of molten steel at the outlet of each strand is reduced to 1~5 °C. The maximum difference of the as-cast equiaxed crystal rate among five strands is reduced from 5.67% to 2.7%, and the consistency of carbon segregation index is also improved with a basically identical appearance through the billet cross section. The maximum differences in oxygen and nitrogen contents for the rolled products of all strands are 2.7 ppm and 5.7 ppm respectively, which are lower than 5.0 ppm and 13.8 ppm before tundish optimization. The yield strength of rolled products is stabilized with much less divergence as compared to the products with the original tundish. Thus, it is believed that the reasonable flow field optimization to a multi-strand tundish not only will have a well-known positive impact on its tranditional metallurgical effect, but also may bring out an approaching identical steel quality from the same caster as we expected.