ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Quantitative reduction of iron under nitrogen atmosphere for potassium dichromate titration
Yuto KadowakiYoko YanagiharaArinori InagawaNobuo Uehara
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JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: ISIJINT-2024-066

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Abstract

Total iron contents in iron ores have been accurately determined by JIS M 8212, in which iron ions in digested solutions of iron ores are reduced to divalent prior to redox titration. It is necessary for the iron reduction process that no reducing chemicals other than iron(II) in the decomposition solutions must not remain after the reduction with titanium(III). However, the redox reactions concerning the chemical species present in the decomposition solution has not been completely elucidated at the present time. In this paper, the redox reactions that occurred in the decomposition solution during the iron reduction in JIS M 8212 were studied by potentiometry and spectrophotometry under nitrogen atmosphere. The redox reaction of tin(II)/(IV) was very slow, causing significant effects on identifying the end point of the indicator for the iron reduction. The copper chloro-complexes were reduced with titanium(III) at a potential higher than that of indigo carmine used as a redox indicator, so that the reduced copper(I) gave a positive error to the potassium dichromate titration. The pentavalent vanadium was reduced with titanium (III) to form a complex with titanium, which also interfered with the potassium dichromate titration positively. To avoid these interferences, titanium(III) chloride was stoichiometrically added to the reaction mixture after addition of tin(II) chloride under nitrogen atmosphere so as to reduce only iron to divalent prior to the following redox titration. Combination of the proposed protocol with the potassium dichromate titration could successfully determine the iron content of certified reference materials of iron ores.

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© 2024 The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan

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