1991 Volume 31 Issue 2 Pages 216-222
Duplex stainless steel is widely used in various service conditions due to its high mechanical properties and high corrosion resistance. However, there have been few studies on the corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steel in highly oxidizing nitric acid, such as hot nitric acid containing Cr6+ ions. In this study, the effect of Si content (Si=0–4 %), austenitic phase (γ) ratio in volume and N addition (N=0.1 %) on the corrosion resistance of 23-25 Cr duplex stainless steel was investigated. Corrosion test was carried out in boiling 8N HNO3+0.2 g//Cr6+ using TIG welded joint specimens. The relationship between microstructures and configuration of the corrosion attack was analyzed.
Results show that Si addition (Si>3 %) to duplex stainless steels is effective in improving corrosion resistance. Si-bearing duplex stainless steel without addition of N, however, was attacked at HAZ when γ ratio was less than 10 % and more than 40 %, because of α phase sensitization and σ phase formation, respectively. Nitrogen content affected γ ratio, nitride and carbide precipitation. A γ ratio more than 50 % was found to be most beneficial for the resistance to intergranular corrosion of the 25Cr-Ni-4Si-N duplex stainless steel.