ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Microwave Application in Carbothermic Reduction of Iron Ores
N. StandishW. Huang
Author information

1991 Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 241-245


Reduction of hematite fines and magnetite concentrates containing carbon using microwave energy was investigated. The reduction rate was found to be very rapid under all conditions employed. The nature of the ore mineral and flux (lime and limestone) did not influence the reduction but the nature of carbon had an effect, with charcoal being superior to coke.
Microwave reduction is a highly non-isothermal process and bearing this in mind, the effect of temperature on reduction was exponential. Difference between the reduction of identical samples with microwave and conventional heating (1000°C) was remarkable–in favour of microwave heating.

Information related to the author
© The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Next article