1992 Volume 32 Issue 1 Pages 3-10
Various phenomena of metallurgical interest are well-known to occur through the liquid-vapor and/or liquid-solid interfaces. Thus, a knowledge of the structure of interface of liquids and surface layers of solids is essential for profound understanding of these subjects. An attempt will be made in this paper to review some current information on the structure of liquid-vapor and solid-liquid interfaces, and a surface layer of solid determined from X-ray reflectivity measurements, grazing incidence X-ray scattering, and conventional and anomalous X-ray scattering measurements for fine particles with a crystalline size of about 10 nm or less. Some theoretical studies relating with these interfaces are also included for further convenience.