1996 Volume 36 Issue 6 Pages 673-680
A numerial model has been fitted and used to describe the main features of the steel casting and solidification process. Information on the interaction between the thermal aspects (temperature trends at the slab surface and development of the shell growth) and the fluid-dynamics ones (flow pattern inside the mould and at the meniscus) has been achieved. In the latter case, such a tool allows checks on the operating conditions, in particular size and shape of the Submerged Entry Nozzle (SEN). In the former, it gives data on the superheat dissipation and the shell growth rate, also allowing an evaluation on the microstructure. Starting from the so obtained thermo-fluid dynamics field, the path of typical non-metallic inclusions has finally been described, and comparison with experimental and literature data has been made as far as their impact point on the growing shell is concerned.