1996 Volume 36 Issue 6 Pages 720-728
An analysis was conducted of the pass-by-pass evoution of austenite grain size during the rod rolling of plain carbon steel. This was achieved by organizing previously-developed equations relating grain size and hot working parameters into a commercial computer spreadsheet program. By considering the substantial "redundant" strains developed during rod rolling, the analysis reveals that metadynamic recrystallization (MRX) is the dominant microstructural process, and this is confirmed by the mill grain size measurements reported previously. The spreadsheet was also employed to examine the effects of modifications to rod rolling practice aimed at refining the austenite grain size. Little benefit is obtained by increasing the strain rate or by reducing the distance from the final rolling pass to the laying head. On the other hand, increasing the cooling rate on the forced-air cooling deck should lead to measurable grain refinement. Lowering the temperature during rolling can lead to even more refinement, and various strategies to achieve this are discussed.