2001 Volume 41 Issue 1 Pages 63-69
Using hot torsion tests, the dynamic (DRX), static (SRX) and metadynamic (MDRX) recrystallization characteristics of a Nb-microalloyed steel were studied. The torsion tests were carried out at temperatures in the range 850 to 1050°C with strain rates ranging from 0.5 to 5/sec. At the higher temperatures, the Nb remained in solution, while precipitation was underway in the lower temperature range. The results indicate that Nb precipitation has little influence on the value of the critical strain (εc ) for dynamic recrystallization. The peak strain/Zener–Hollomon parameter equation is derived and the effect of austenite grain size on the peak strain is considered. The times for 50 % recrystallization for static and metadynamic recrystallization were established by means of interrupted torsion tests and are compared. The rate of metadynamic recrystallization increases with strain rate and temperature and is observed to be independent of the pass strain; this contrasts sharply with the observations for static recrystallization. Finally, an example is given of an industrial rolling process in which DRX/MDRX can play important roles. Here, the occurrence of dynamic/metadynamic recrystallization causes the load to drop or else to increase less rapidly than in the case of pure strain accumulation in the absence of SRX.