A plain carbon steel was deformed using a hot torsion deformation simulator. A schedule known to produce strain-induced ferrite was used with the strain interrupted for increasing intervals of time to determine the effect of an isothermal hold on the final microstructure. Microscopy and electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD) were used to analyse the changes that occurred in the partially transformed microstructure during the hold and the subsequent applied strain. The strain-induced ferrite coarsened during the hold and this coarsened ferrite was refined during the second deformation. These results were compared to those obtained for a different plain carbon steel deformed in single pass rolling close to the Ar3 temperature.
The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan