2003 Volume 43 Issue 8 Pages 1143-1150
Based on the characteristics of the change of furnace profile with an increase in furnace volume, the effects of blast furnace profile on operation are investigated. The investigation is made by use of numerical simulation models that are integrated to evaluate the whole furnace state including hearth. First, the characteristics of the change of furnace profile with the increase in furnace volume are reviewed. Then, evaluation of the effects of furnace profile is made from the viewpoint of efficiency and stability of operation. The larger furnaces are advantageous to lowering a fuel rate, while stability against channeling at periphery is poor. In addition, as for furnace hearth life extension, the effect of furnace volume is discussed. As the furnace volume increases, the molten iron velocity at peripheral region of the hearth increases.