2004 Volume 44 Issue 7 Pages 1140-1149
One of recent discussions is on the floating and sinking motion of packed bed in the hearth part of blast furnace while the molten liquid is stored in and tapped out of the hearth. Such a repetition motion might be profoundly related to the renewal of deadman particles. Thus, further analysis for deadman motion with the iron liquid is necessary to develop a method for controlled or stable furnace operation. In this study, the experiment is performed using a two-dimensional cold model with foaming polymer particles and water. Gas flow is not considered. The particle descending velocity in the shaft of the model is found to decrease with floating of the hearth packed bed and increase with the sinking motion. The deadman renewal rate that is the solid moving rate forced into raceway from the inside of deadman, is estimated by subtracting the descending rate from the total particle discharge rate being controlled at a constant rate. The numerical treatment called Discrete Element Method is also carried out to clarify the renewal mechanism with storing/tapping liquid. It is confirmed from both the experimental and numerical that the deadman particles move gradually into the raceway while storing/tapping liquid is repeated and the renewal of particles occurs in such a way that the older particles are forced to go out of deadman by buoyancy and the new particles comes in to fill deadman through near the top of the deadman during tapping the liquid. The simulation indicates also that the wall normal contact force in the hearth part increases considerably when the particle bed floats.