2007 Volume 5 Issue 3 Pages 313-323
Pore structural changes in hardened cement pastes, subjected to drying and wetting/drying cycles, were studied at micrometer and nanometer levels. Characterization techniques included Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), nitrogen and water vapor adsorption, mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and under-water weighing. Coarsening of pore structure was observed with MIP and increase in the true density of C-S-H was suggested by the result of under-water weighing. Decrease in specific surface area due to drying was observed with nitrogen adsorption, and water vapor adsorption associated with Excess Surface Work (ESW) analysis suggested a development of cohesive structure in C-S-H. NMR confirmed polymerization of silicate anion chains. The drying-induced coarsening of pore structure is probably attributed to polymerization of silicate anion chains and development of cohesive structure in C-S-H.