2021 Volume 5 Issue 3 Pages 327-333
Pelvic tumor resection with sacrectomy for locally recurrent rectal cancer is a challenging operation with a high complication rate and poor prognosis. We report a case of pelvic tumor resection with sacrectomy by transperineal endoscopy following laparoscopic dissection for locally recurrent rectal cancer. A 70-year-old man underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer and was diagnosed with local pelvic recurrence on follow-up computed tomography (CT) three years postoperatively. As the recurrence was in contact with the front of the sacrum, we concluded that distal sacrectomy was necessary to ensure a surgical margin. We safely performed combined laparoscopic and transperineal endoscopic pelvic tumor resection with sacrectomy by exposing the surface of the sacrum from both abdominal and transperineal approach. The operative time was 200 minutes, with minimal blood loss. There was no tumor exposure on the surgically dissected surface, and the patient was discharged without complications 14 days postoperatively. Transperineal endoscopy may be useful for pelvic tumor resection with sacrectomy for locally recurrent rectal cancer.