2013 Volume 16 Issue 1 Pages 42-46
[Objectives] There have been concerns that teachers’ quality of life (QOL） has decreased; however, as yet, a study of the QOL of teachers using an international assessment scale has not been conducted in Japan. Therefore, we undertook a preliminary study of teachers’ QOL using the eight subscales of the SF-36, a comprehensive QOL scale related to health. In addition, we utilized the recently proposed three-component model and summary score.
[Methods] This study targeted a group of teachers (n=82） and one of non-teachers (n=82). We randomly selected the members of the non-teacher group to match those of the teacher group by age and gender. Then, we compared the teachers to the non-teachers in terms of their scores on the SF-36’s eight subscales and their three-component summary scores and studied the characteristics of both of these criteria for the group of teachers.
[Results] The results showed no difference in the SF-36 between the two groups. The teacher group scored below the Japanese average score of 50 points in the areas of “mental health” (48.1±10.1), “physical role function” (45.1±11.5), and “emotional role function” (45.6±11.2). The three-component summary score for the SF-36 of the teacher group showed the Japanese average for the physical health component (50.3±10.6） and mental health component (50.0±9.2). However, the role/social component (41.7±11.6） was below the Japanese average.
[Discussion] There was no difference between the QOL of the teachers and non-teachers, and both groups showed relatively similar QOL on the emotional component. However, the QOL for the role function component decreased in the teacher group. Moreover, the decrease in the QOL for role functioning was further clarified by analyzing the SF-36 three-component summary score. This analysis will be helpful in further QOL research.