2003 Volume 10 Issue 5 Pages 304-313
DNA microarray gene expression analysis was conducted in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) exposed to laminar or turbulent shear stress. Approximately 3% of the total 5600 gene in HUVECs and HCAECs increased their expression more than two-fold or decreased it to less than half the static control in response to an arterial level of laminar shear stress (15 dynes/cm2 for 24 hours). The proportions of shear-stress-responsive genes decreased to around 2% under the venous level of laminar shear stress (1.5 dynes/cm2) in both cell lines. Turbulent shear stress of 1.5 dynes/cm2 altered the expression of 1.1% of all genes in the HCAECs. Laminar shear stress, but not turbulent shear stress, decreased the expression of a number of genes involved in DNA synthesis and the cell cycle in both HUVECs and HCAECs. Clustering analysis showed a variety of temporal profiles of gene expression in HUVECs exposed to laminar shear stress of 15 dynes/cm2 for 3, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours. Turbulent shear stress affected expression of many genes that play a role in vascular remodeling, including genes encoding plasminogen activators and their inhibitor, endothelin-1, transforming growth factor-β, collagen type IV, and ephrin A1.