2008 Volume 15 Issue 3 Pages 154-159
Aim: Previous reports indicate that serum lipoprotein lipase mass levels (LPL mass) and common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) are independent predictors of atherosclerotic diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of combination therapy of sulfonylurea and acarbose on LPL mass and CCA-IMT.
Methods: Eighty-four patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, who were treated with only sulfonylureas and showed CCA-IMT of more than 0.9 mm at baseline, were selected and randomly divided into two groups. One group was administered acarbose 300 mg/day for 12 months (acarbose group, n=41), and the other group was not administered acarbose (non-acarbose group, n=43).
Results: After 12 months, a significant increase in LPL mass and a significant decrease in CCA-IMT were observed in the acarbose group (1.024 to 0.964 mm), but no significant changes were observed in the non-acarbose group. In a subgroup analysis of patients with HbA1c improved by 0.5% or more, the increase of LPL mass and decrease of CCA-IMT was significantly greater in the acarbose group than in the non-acarbose group although the changes in HbA1c were similar in two groups.
Conclusions: We concluded that reducing postprandial hyperglycemia might increase LPL mass levels and might be useful to prevent macroangiopathy in type 2 diabetic patients treated by sulfonylurea.