2011 Volume 18 Issue 12 Pages 1031-1042
Aim: Inflammatory cell recruitment and intimal neovascularization contribute to atherosclerotic plaque destabilization. The anti-inflammatory red wine polyphenol, resveratrol, has been implicated in cardiovascular protection. In this study, we investigated the effects of resveratrol on endothelial and monocytic cell migration.
Methods: Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (EC) migration was assessed in a modified barrier assay. Chemotaxis of THP-1 monocytic cells towards monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 was determined using a Boyden chamber. Erk phosphorylation downstream of MCP-1 receptor and activation of myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (pMYPT1) downstream of Rho kinase were determined by Western blotting.
Results: In resveratrol-treated cells, progressive shape elongation was observed, evident after 6h of treatment. Treatment with resveratrol (1-20 µmol/L) dose-dependently inhibited EC migration. This effect of resveratrol was independent of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and sirtuin 1, but was abrogated in the presence of Rho kinase inhibitors. Moreover, resveratrol induced pMYPT1 activation, indicating a novel mechanism of resveratrol activity in EC. In monocytic cells, treatment with resveratrol significantly inhibited chemotaxis towards MCP-1 already at 1 µmol/L. At a resveratrol concentration of 10 µmol/L, chemotaxis was reduced nearly to the negative control (unstimulated with MCP-1) levels. This effect was independent of NF-kappaB and RhoA signaling. In resveratroltreated monocytic cells, MCP-1-induced Erk phosphorylation downstream of CCR2 receptor was dose-dependently inhibited, as observed by Western blot analysis.
Conclusions: Resveratrol dose-dependently inhibited endothelial cell migration and MCP-1-induced monocytic cell chemotaxis. This activity may contribute to the cardioprotective effects of resveratrol by inhibition of intimal neovascularization and monocyte recruitment into the artery wall.